1. Foyer

    Foyers are projects for young people that provide “a springboard to independent living,training and work”. Based on a French model, Foyers in Britain tend to contain accommodation and a range of support facilities in one building.

  2. Public realm

    Public realm is defined as any publicly owned streets, pathways, right of ways, parks, publicly accessible open spaces and any public and civic building and facilities

  3. Albion Square

    Albion Square is the name of the development that is being built in Whitehaven, adjacent to the multi-storey car park. It is due for completion in 2014 and will provide office accommodation for up to 900 Sellafield workers.

Legal and licensing

  1. Local Land Charges Register A Local Land Charges Register is maintained by every local authority in England and Wales (with the exception of County Councils).

Environmental health

  1. Animal Boarding Establishment Act

    Under the Animal Boarding Establishments Act 1963, anyone wanting to board animals commercially must obtain a licence from their local council. The Act requires councils to ensure that the business in question observes certain conditions regarding the suitability of the accommodation provided and the welfare of the animals boarded. To assist councils in doing this the CIEH convened a working party of animal welfare and industry experts in the early 1990s to draw up some model licence conditions and guidance. Councils do not have to use the CIEH model licence conditions but many of them do.

Waste and recycling

  1. Household Waste Recycling Centres

    A Household Waste Recycling Centre is a large waste and recycling collection centre, operated by Cumbria County Council. To find out more information about opening times and location, please click here.

    PLEASE NOTE: Waste Recycling Centre's are the County Councils responsibility. Copeland Borough Council are not responsible for Waste Recycling Centres. Please contact the following for further information: 


Council tax

  1. Under lease

    If you are a tenant of a building you may lease part of the building to someone else - this would be an under lease.


  1. council tax reduction scheme

    As part of Welfare Reform, from 1st April 2013, the Government abolished Council Tax Benefit and replaced it with a new local financial support scheme, called Council Tax Reduction Scheme (CTRS).

Energy and nuclear

  1. Fossil fuels

    Fuels such as coal, oil and gas formed by the decomposition of prehistoric plants and animals.

  2. Greenhouse gas

    A gas, such as carbon dioxide or methane, that traps the sun’s heat and contributes to global warming.

  3. PPA - Planning Performance Agreement

    Planning Performance Agreements (PPAs) were formally introduced into the planning system on 6 April 2008 and are about improving the quality of planning applications and the decision making process through collaboration.

  4. Higher level radioactive waste

    A combination of spent nuclear fuels and other materials, such as fuel packaging and equipment, that have been contaminated with significant amounts of radioactivity.

  5. Development consent order (DCO)

    A consent by a Minister for a Nationally Significant Infrastructure Project (NSIP) will take the form of a ‘development consent order This will combine a grant of planning permission with a range of other separate consents, such as listed building consent.

    A development consent order can include rights to compulsorily purchase land. There are also special procedures relating to cases such as commons, National Trust land, and land protected under the Green Belt (London & Home Counties) Act 1938.

  6. Infrastructure

    All the services and structures that a society needs to run smoothly, for example roads, railways and canals, public transport, water supply and sewerage, power supply and telecommunications.

  7. Low level waste repository (LLWR)

    Facility at Drigg, near Whitehaven, which stores and monitors low-level radioactive waste.

  8. Microgeneration

    Producing electricity, heat and light on a small scale from a low carbon source using, for example solar panels, ground pumps, wind turbines, watermills, renewable biofuels.

  9. Gigawatt (GW)

    A unit of electricity equal to one billion (109) watts.

  10. National Grid

    The high-voltage electric power transmission network in Great Britain.

  11. Biofuels

    Fuels produced from organic matter that can be replanted or replenished, for example sugar beet, and gases from sewerage and water treatment.

  12. Nationally significant infrastructure project (NSIP)

    Any large-scale development such as a new harbour, a new power station power generating stations (including wind farms), and electricity transmission lines.

  13. Carbon footprint

    The amount of carbon dioxide that enters the atmosphere because of the electricity and fuel you use.

  14. Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA)

    Government organisation set up in 2005 to decommission 19 nuclear power plants across the UK.

  15. CO2 emissions

    Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas that is given off when we burn oil, gas or coal to make energy.

  16. Planning Inspectorate

    A division of the UK Government’s Department of Communities and Local Government. Responsible for assessing and approving nationally significant infrastructure projects (NISPs).

  17. DECC

    Department of Energy and Climate Change, UK government department.


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