1. Foyer

    Foyers are projects for young people that provide “a springboard to independent living,training and work”. Based on a French model, Foyers in Britain tend to contain accommodation and a range of support facilities in one building.

  2. Public realm

    Public realm is defined as any publicly owned streets, pathways, right of ways, parks, publicly accessible open spaces and any public and civic building and facilities

  3. Albion Square

    Albion Square is the name of the development that is being built in Whitehaven, adjacent to the multi-storey car park. It is due for completion in 2014 and will provide office accommodation for up to 900 Sellafield workers.

Legal and licensing

  1. Local Land Charges Register A Local Land Charges Register is maintained by every local authority in England and Wales (with the exception of County Councils).

Environmental health

  1. Animal Boarding Establishment Act

    Under the Animal Boarding Establishments Act 1963, anyone wanting to board animals commercially must obtain a licence from their local council. The Act requires councils to ensure that the business in question observes certain conditions regarding the suitability of the accommodation provided and the welfare of the animals boarded. To assist councils in doing this the CIEH convened a working party of animal welfare and industry experts in the early 1990s to draw up some model licence conditions and guidance. Councils do not have to use the CIEH model licence conditions but many of them do.

Waste and recycling

  1. Household Waste Recycling Centres

    A Household Waste Recycling Centre is a large waste and recycling collection centre, operated by Cumbria County Council. To find out more information about opening times and location, please click here.

    PLEASE NOTE: Waste Recycling Centre's are the County Councils responsibility. Copeland Borough Council are not responsible for Waste Recycling Centres. Please contact the following for further information: 


Council tax

  1. Under lease

    If you are a tenant of a building you may lease part of the building to someone else - this would be an under lease.


  1. council tax reduction scheme

    As part of Welfare Reform, from 1st April 2013, the Government abolished Council Tax Benefit and replaced it with a new local financial support scheme, called Council Tax Reduction Scheme (CTRS).

Energy and nuclear

  1. Development consent order (DCO)

    Issued when a government minister approves that a nationally significant infrastructure project (NSIP) may go ahead.  This will combine a grant of planning permission with a range of other separate consents, such as listed building consent.

  2. Renewable energy

    Energy that comes from resources such as sunlight, wind, rain, tides, and geothermal heat, which are naturally replenished.

  3. Environmental impact assessment (EIA)

    An assessment of the possible positive or negative impact that a proposed project may have on the local environment, including social and economic impact.

  4. Local supply chain

    A system of organisations, people, technology, activities, information and resources involved in moving a product or service from supplier to customer.

  5. Fossil fuels

    Fuels such as coal, oil and gas formed by the decomposition of prehistoric plants and animals.

  6. West Cumbria Managing Radioactive Waste Safely Partnership (MRWS)

    A group of local organisations considering the issues of disposing safely of UK's higher activity radioactive waste.

  7. Geological disposal facility (GDF)

    A safe underground area where radioactive waste is stored and monitored.

  8. West Cumbria Sites Stakeholder Group (WCSSG)

    Independent body that scrutinises the nuclear industry in West Cumbria by providing an active, two-way channel of communication between the site operators, the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority and local stakeholders.

  9. Green deal

    UK government initiative that aims to enable households and businesses to improve the energy efficiency of their properties.

  10. Zone of visual influence (ZVI)

    Area from which a development is theoretically visible, usually represented as a map using colour to indicate visibility.

  11. Fossil fuels

    Fuels such as coal, oil and gas formed by the decomposition of prehistoric plants and animals.

  12. Greenhouse gas

    A gas, such as carbon dioxide or methane, that traps the sun’s heat and contributes to global warming.

  13. PPA - Planning Performance Agreement

    Planning Performance Agreements (PPAs) were formally introduced into the planning system on 6 April 2008 and are about improving the quality of planning applications and the decision making process through collaboration.

  14. Higher level radioactive waste

    A combination of spent nuclear fuels and other materials, such as fuel packaging and equipment, that have been contaminated with significant amounts of radioactivity.

  15. Development consent order (DCO)

    A consent by a Minister for a Nationally Significant Infrastructure Project (NSIP) will take the form of a ‘development consent order This will combine a grant of planning permission with a range of other separate consents, such as listed building consent.

    A development consent order can include rights to compulsorily purchase land. There are also special procedures relating to cases such as commons, National Trust land, and land protected under the Green Belt (London & Home Counties) Act 1938.

  16. Infrastructure

    All the services and structures that a society needs to run smoothly, for example roads, railways and canals, public transport, water supply and sewerage, power supply and telecommunications.

  17. Low level waste repository (LLWR)

    Facility at Drigg, near Whitehaven, which stores and monitors low-level radioactive waste.


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